He was a Jewish preacher and religious leader, he is the current figure of Christianity was thought to have been born in Bethlehem with his hometown listed as Nazareth and was known by several names including Jesus of Nazareth.
Today, Will from Vidello Productions is taking a look at 10 expensive things he owns.
10 – The Shroud of Turin
Believed by some to be the burial cloth that Jesus was wrapped in when he was buried, the Shroud of Turin also bears an image that is thought to be Jesus himself and as with many items on the list it has been dubbed priceless.
The artifact is currently kept in the Royal Chapel of The Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist in Turin, Northern Italy, while the image was personally approved by Pope Pius XII in 1958, the Catholic church has never voiced its opinion on the shroud.
While subject to intense origins on the shroud several popular publications have voiced arguments in favor of the relic being the authentic burial cloth of Jesus.
The image can be seen much more clearly in a black and white negative photo and specific details are not so easily observed with the naked eye.
There have been a series of tests run against the shroud including three radio-carbon dating tests in 1988 and several restorations.
It is kept in a temperature controlled environment under bullet-proof glass, in an air-tight container and is kept on aluminum supports.
9 – The Crown of Thorns
Thought to have been worn by Jesus during events leading up to the crucifixion, the woven crown of thorns was used to both cause him pain and mock him.
Several relics claiming to be the crown still exist to this day and are known to be located at holy places across Europe.
One such piece is the Circlet of Rushes of the crown of thorns which is currently located in Notre Dame Cathedral.
The relic is often displayed on the first Friday of each month and every Friday during the holy period of lent and was once owned by Louis XI.
Other pieces of this relic are located in Belgium, Germany, Italy, Spain and at least four in the United Kingdom.
As security for a heavy loan of 13.134 gold pieces, the Notre Dame relic was originally in the hands of the Venetians.
8 – Holy Grail
Possibly one of the most well-known and talked about relics from the life of Jesus was the Holy Grail, which he is said to have drunk from at the last supper.
The grail, which is also described as a bowl, dish or stone, in several publications, is said to contain powers that provide both happiness and eternal youth.
In 2014 two Spanish researchers claimed to have found the grail and said it was located in a Spanish church, located in the city of Lyon.
The grail has been hunted for many years by explorers and historians alike and was heavily featured in the hit film, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, where it was shown as a simple carved wooden cup.
The grail also features heavily in the legend of King Arthur and also one of its more famous films, Monty Python and the Holy Grail.
7 – The Spear of Destiny
Also known as the holy lance, or the holy spear, this artifact was said to be a spear or lance that was used to pierce the side of Jesus as he hung on the cross.
Since biblical times there have been four major relics that have claimed to be part of the spear of destiny, and they are spread throughout Europe.
One such claim lies in Vienna where it, where a gold wrapped lance was thought to have been made sometime in the 7th Century and is thought to contain one of the nails from the holy cross.
Two more claims are located in Armenia and Poland however these have been claimed to be either fake or non-existent.
One of the best-preserved relics sits beneath the dome of St Peters Basilica however the roman catholic church does not comment on its authenticity.
The spear is thought to have been split into two parts with the second larger piece lost sometime around 615 A.D.
The spear has featured in several modern-day publications including Constantine with Keanu Reeves and the second series of time-traveling superhero series, Legends of Tomorrow.
6 – Veil of Veronica
Known simply as The Veronica, this Christian relic is thought to have been used by Saint Veronica to wipe the blood and sweat from the face of Jesus during the Crucifixion.
During this moment, it is thought the face of Jesus appeared on the veil and it has stayed there ever since.
The veil has been rumored to quench thirst, cure blindness and even raise the dead and its believed to have once been offered to the roman emperor Tiberius.
The veil was thought to have been displayed in Rome during the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth century, however, there are conflicting reports to this.
Some scholars claim the veil was destroyed during the sack of Rome in 1527, however, others claim it was stolen and some even claim that it still exists today somewhere in the Vatican.
Several relics claiming to be the original veil are in existence and they are located in Rome, Vienna, and Spain.
5 – Holy Nails
Like many of the relics in this list, the holy nails have caused quite a discussion among Christians.
One such nail that we have already mentioned was embedded in the holy lance that is located in the Hofburg Palace in Vienna.
Another nail or part of a nail is said to be located in the Iron Crown of Lombardy in the Cathedral of Monza, although it’s unclear when the nail became part of the crown.
Other nails or parts of them are thought to exist in churches or cathedrals in Siena Catiana and Bamberg.
Another long debated topic is whether Jesus was crucified with three or four nails and there is even a story from Socrates that two were cast into the Adriatic Sea.
4 – The Holy Coat of Jesus
The holy coat, also known as the holy robe, holy tunic, honourable robe and the seamless coat of Jesus is said to have been worn by him shortly before his death.
There is debate as to whether this relic still exists in the present day and there are several places where it is known to be kept.
It is claimed the robe was purchased from a soldier in Jerusalem and now lies beneath a cathedral in Georgia, however other conflicting reports place the robe in the winter palace in Russia.
One passage from the Bible suggests that the robe was initially going to be split up among the soldiers, however, once the coat was discovered to be seamless, they decided against it.
3 – The Relic of Holy Blood
Located in the Basillica of the Holy Blood, this relic os a piece of cloth that is said to contain the blood of christ and is more well known as the relic of the precious blood.
It is said that Joseph of Arimathea preserved the precious blood after he had washed the body of christ and legend says the artefact was taken to Bruges during the second crusades.
The basillica where the artefact is held consists of a lower and upper chapel with the relic beign held in the latter part.
2 – The Scala Sancta
Thought to be the steps that Jesus climbed during his trial, these large marble steps are located int he Extra-territorial property of the holy see in Rome, Italy.
There are 28 steps in total and these are encased in a protective wooden framework and legend has it that St Helena, mother of Emporer Constantine The Great, brought the holy stairs from Jerusalem to Rome in Circa A.D 326.
The stairs can only be ascended while you are on your knees and the stairs have two other modern-day staircases that run along either side for traditional use.
The stairs are decorated with magnificent frescos that underwent significant restoration in 2007 and its understood the steps were even visited by Charles Dickens in 1845.
1 – Pieces of the True Cross
The term “True Cross” links to the term used for the cross that was part of the actual Crucifixion of Jesus and there are known to be several pieces with a legitimate claim to the title, scattered across Europe.
One such fragment is kept safe in the city of Rome while others lie in the countries of Israel, Spain and Belgium.
Most of these pieces are thought to have come from Constantinople after the city was captured and sacked by the fourth crusade in 1204.
The pieces are thought to have travelled widely throughout Europe with records of their Journey’s going back to 359 A.D.
This photo shows a relic of the true cross being carried in a procession through the Piazza San Marco, Venice in the 15th Centuary.
Several other true cross fragments are thought to exist along with the ones previously mentioned and these are located in Notre Dame cathedral, Paris and in both Switzerland and Serbia.